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Join the conversation about "TRADING UP: Policy innovations to expand food and agriculture trade in Africa"

Messages about the Forum:


· #MaMoForum is the main platform for high-level policy dialogue and exchange on issues of strategic importance under the #MalaboDeclaration and the #Agenda2063 of the @_AfricanUnion & @AUC_CAADP.

· The #MamoForum offers a space for leaders to examine policy innovations that help promote positive #change in #agriculture, #foodsecurity and #nutrition. 

· The #MaMoForum convenes African government representatives & #partners to discuss the lessons learnt from the Panel’s reports and drive change across the continent. 


· The Forum meets twice a year and gathers leading decision-makers to review progress among African countries towards inclusive agricultural growth and the goals of the #MalaboDeclaration. Every meeting of the Forum is guided by a technical report prepared by members of the Malabo Montpellier Panel, a group of 17 leading African and international experts in #agriculture, #ecology, #nutrition, and #food security. 

· The Panel’s evidence-based policy reports provide high-level decision makers with access to the latest research to guide effective implementation of policies and programs that benefit smallholder farmers in #Africa, especially women and young people. The reports analyze and highlight areas of progress and positive change across the continent and assess what successful countries have done differently. The reports identify the most important institutional innovations and policy and program interventions, which can be replicated and scaled up by other countries. 

Messages about the Report Findings


· #DYK: As a result of #COVID19, #Africa’s trade volumes are projected to decrease by 8% for exports and about 16% for imports in 2020. 

· In Benin, informal trade represented 40% of total trade with all its neighbors in 2010. With #Nigeria, #Benin’s main trading partner, Informal Cross-Border Trade represented more than 50% of export & 57% of import flows. 

· Informal Cross-Border Trade is also an important source of employment and income generation. Across the continent at the turn of the century, it was estimated that Informal Cross-Border Trade provided income to about 43% of #Africa’s population. 

· Greater support & protection for #women traders, including at border posts, can bolster their ability to trade and contribute more equally to economic development. 

· .@MaMoPanel’s new Report suggests that strengthening the implementation & further integration of the #RECs themselves in a way that drives sustained #agricultural & #economic growth can enable a successful @AfCFTA. 

· There is significant evidence that Informal Cross-Border Trade plays an important role in alleviating poverty, generating employment and income, & empowering #women, even though governments may not be able to collect revenues from this trade. 


· Removing nontariff trade barriers boosts the availability of diverse and nutritious foods. It is estimated that about 40% of food produced in #Africa is lost or wasted each year. When appropriate trade infrastructure, facilitation and logistics are in place, #postharvestlosses would fall and the availability of perishable #food products would increase in urban areas. 

· Intraregional #trade can make new technologies more readily available in local #markets & at affordable prices by lowering the cost of imports, with positive impacts on smallholder #farmer productivity levels. Evidence shows that trade barriers can delay the dissemination of new seed varieties & hence their adoption by 2-3 years. 

· #Trade is an effective risk management mechanism in the face of #climatechange, health and socioeconomic shocks, as well as sudden policy changes. Rising global temperatures, changing rainfall patterns, and more extreme weather events sparking more frequent and intense floods and droughts will continue to disrupt #food production.

Messages about the Case Studies


· The report highlights several key recommendations, incl. a focus on information across borders, digital opportunities for trading, and lessons from the experiences of 3 leading #RECs & of #market integration in other parts of the #world, incl. #Europe. 

· .@ecowas-cedeao has created an enabling environment for intraregional #trade that facilitates access to #finance, attracts investment, & ensures fair competition, in tandem with a judiciary to settle investor–govt disputes 

· @comesa_lusaka has adopted a pragmatic approach to addressing key barriers to #AgTrade. Focusing on unlocking finance for trade through robust banking & insurance institutions is a unique and innovative approach from #Comesa. 

· Intraregional trade in @SADC_News is the highest within the eight #RECs officially recognized by the @_AfricanUnion. 

Quotes from Panel members


.@DebisiAraba on the expansion of off-farm trade opportunities:As #mechanization & #D4ag expand across @FoodSystems, new entrepreneurship opportunities beyond the farm will emerge in the #Agfood sector, creating the potential 4 high-quality, sustainable jobs across Africa.

đź’¬ “Many of those reliant on cross-border trade for their livelihoods are #women, who have been disproportionately affected by restrictions, border closures & curfews enforced due to Covid-19, alongside gender-based discrimination & violence.” @IshmaelSunga, Panel member & @sacau_media CEO

đź’¬ “Once the @AfCFTA is in place, wages for skilled and unskilled women are expected to rise by up to 4% by 2035, through new employment opportunities across the #agriculture value chain.” @IshmaelSunga, Panel member & @sacau_media CEO

đź’¬”Trade-related targets are included in SDG 3 ‘Good Health and Wellbeing’, SDG 8 ‘Decent Work and Economic Growth’, SDG 10 ‘Reduced Inequalities’, and SDG 15 ‘Life on Land’.” Karim El Aynaoui Panel member & MD at @PolicyCenterNS


Why should we be looking at enhancing intraregional agricultural trade in Africa?

“There is now growing attention amongst policymakers to improve intraregional trade to contribute to continental & global agricultural transformation agendas and there are a variety of policy frameworks in place at both continental and global levels that govern trade agreements and relationships in order to facilitate intraregional, intra-African, and international agricultural trade.” Karim El Aynaoui, Panel Member, President of the Policy Center for the New South #MaMoForum #AgTrade The press release is available here: 

“The largest share of agricultural trade across Africa is channeled through the RECs. Several among them have shown strong commitment to improving the flow of agricultural trade within their regions. Their experience in terms of regional policy and institutional innovations and programmatic interventions provide important lessons for other RECs, countries, and the AfCFTA as they seek to increase agricultural trade and progress toward continental and international development goals.” Ishmael Sunga, Panel Member The press release is available here: 


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